Accrual A financial allowance provided by the vendor or manufacturer to its sales channel. Typically, the accrual amount is determined by taking a percentage of the invoiced price of items sold to the channel partner over the course of a distinct period of time.
Agent An independent company or person who resells a product or service.
Audit The examination and verification of expenditures made in the prior approval (P.A.) or claim process of a co-operative marketing or advertising program.
Brand A class of goods which are identified by name as the product or service from a single company or manufacturer and the values - both emotional and psychological that consumers and the marketplace associate with the company and/or its products.
Brand equity The tangible, emotional and financial value that is attributed to a brand.
Branding Activities that develop, establish, promote and secure a company's brand, and the sum of all emotional and psychological values that consumers and the marketplace attach to the brand. Branding is considered the best way to get end users and consumers to recognize a company's brand over that of a competitor.
Channel A generic term used to describe one of various ways that a manufacturer may market and sell products to end users and consumers. Members of a channel may include a direct sales force, resellers, distributors, retailers, agents, dealers, catalogs, and/or web stores.
Channel partner A generic term used to describe a company with whom a manufacturer partners to market and sell the manufacturer's products and/or services. A channel partner might be a resellers, a distributor, a retailer, an agents, or a dealer.
Claim The formal request for reimbursement from a manufacturer for performing qualified activities in a co-operative marketing or advertising program.
Co-branding Branding in partnership with two or more companies in an effort to effectively market and sell a single product line jointly.
Co-marketing A partnership between two or more companies in which both companies jointly market each other's products.
Consumer For the purposes of the CCI website, "consumer" means the last person or company to whom a product or service is sold, and the person or company who will make use of the product or service purchased.
Co-operative advertising Manufacturer-provided subsidy of a reseller's cost for marketing and advertising the manufacturer's product or service.
Co-operative funding One type of co-operative marketing that manufacturers might offer to resellers. Co-op is a reimbursement model.
Co-operative marketing Manufacturer-provided subsidy of a reseller's cost for marketing and advertising the manufacturer's product or service.
Customer For the purposes of the CCI website, "customer" means any entity to whom a manufacturer sells a product for the purposes of having the product resold to end users and consumers.
Deductions NAPAA says: Generally an unauthorized reduction taken to the invoiced amount a manufacturer or supplier bills a customer. Often taken by customers who feel they have qualified for advertising or promotional allowances that have not been paid by the manufacturer or supplier. When taken, these unauthorized deductions create a tremendous administrative burden to resolve and cost both the supplier and the retailer unnecessary expenses in time and money.
Distributor One that markets and/or sells a product; Typically a wholesaler or other intermediary who helps move a product from the manufacturer to a company that is authorized to sell the product on behalf of the manufacturer.
Gross sales Total dollar amount of sales without subtracting the costs of making the sale, returns, discounts and shipping costs.
Identity The consistent image that is developed as a result of all company messaging.
Incentive marketing Incentive marketing is the device used to promote an incentive program to the correct target audience(s). Incentive marketing is used to help communicate the incentive program that then incents specific behavior.
Incentive program A program designed to incent specific behavior to achieve desired results. Incentive programs are typically used to motivate employees, customers, sales reps, resellers, etc. Incentive programs may be used as a means to achieving any type of results - sales, performance, purchase timeframe - but are typically used to achieve those results within specific period of time only.
Loyalty program A program that is designed to reward customers for making frequent purchases from the same vendor or company by offering prizes, points, etc. A good example is airline frequent flier miles.
Manufacturer The company that develops, creates, and/or manufactures a product or who has proprietary rights to the product.
Market Development Funds One type of co-operative marketing that manufacturers might offer to resellers. MDF provides for an additional up-front discount on all qualifying purchase made from the manufacturer.
Messaging The distinguishing communication that is used by a company to convey its positioning and key differentiators to a target audience in an effort to consistently create a favorable perception of the company. Messaging typically refers to a unification of elements like logos, color schemes, font types, look and feel, and phraseology which define the company.
Net sales Total dollar amount of sales after subtracting all costs of making the sale, all returns, all discounts, and all shipping costs.
OEM A company that produces equipment made from components that are typically purchased from other manufacturers.
Operational ROI The link between the business cost for current trade channel program management and the potential reduction of costs by making changes to existing processes and systems.
Performance ROI The numeric value of incremental revenues and profitability gained by trade channel programs.
Point of sale POS is a generic term used to describe all information that is recorded at the time a product is sold, and it typically includes the location of the sale, price point, SKU, etc.
Positioning The act of effectively communicating a company's offerings and brand to consumers and the marketplace while differentiating the company from the competition.
Prior approval Consent from the manufacturer before a channel partner spends MDF or Co-op funds on a sales or marketing activity.
Pull strategy The act of creating interest for a specific product within a target audience who then demand the product from channel partners, causing the product to be "pulled" through the manufacturer's sales channel.
Push strategy The act of "pushing" a product through a marketing channel by employing trade promotions or other activities that incent the channel to purchase the product.
Rebate A refund for a portion of the total purchase price of a product which is typically granted by the product's manufacturer.
Reseller Independent companies which are authorized to purchase and resell a manufacturer's product(s).
Return on investment A term used primarily by financial managers to describe the measurable monetary value that will be gained after a capital investment is made. A typical formula for determining ROI is: $ amount of return less $ amount of cost divided by # of units sold or # of responses. Example: It cost $1,000 to send a direct mail piece to 100 companies. Of the 100 direct mail pieces sent, 10 units were sold at $500 each, for a total of $5,000 in revenues. Total profit was $4,000 and the total ROI per sale was $400.
SPIF or SPIFF Acronyms that are commonly understood to stand for "sales performance incentive fund" or "special performance incentive for field force". In any case, a SPIFF is a financial reward used to incent the behavior that leads to the achievement of short-term sales objectives.
Sweepstakes A contest wherein each entrant has the chance to win one grand prize. The grand prize winner is chosen at random from the total entries. In trade marketing, a sweepstakes is often used as a sales incentive for either consumers or the manufacturer's sale channel.
Target audience A group of people (as a whole or parsed out into specific, definable segments) who is defined as being the most likely to purchase a company's products and to whom a company markets their products.
Trade channel program A manufacturer-initiated sales or marketing promotional campaign that is targeted at channel partners or that was developed for use by the channel partners.
Trade industry Those businesses which purchase products from manufacturers for resale to others. Examples include: Retailers, wholesalers, resellers, agents.
Trade promotion A sales or marketing promotional campaign that is targeted at a minimum of one segment in a trade industry rather than at the end user or consumer.
Value The ratio of perceived benefits versus the cost of the product or service that delivers the benefits.
Value-Added Reseller Independent companies which are authorized to purchase, resell and service a manufacturer's product(s).
Wholesaler A member of a company's channel who purchases products from the manufacturer, holds inventory, and then distributes products to an authorized channel partner, all with the purpose of providing cost and delivery efficiencies.